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Items taken from "Fasti Breviores: A Daily Record of Memorable Events in the History of the Society of Jesus" by P.J. Chandlery, SJ, published in London in 1910, and supplemented by other sources.

July

  • July 1, 1798: The colossal silver statue of Ignatius in the Gesu in Rome was carried off by French officials during the revolution and melted down. The exact day is uncertain.

  • July 2, 1565: St Francis Borgia is elected general in the Second General Congregation of the Society.

  • July 3, 1634: Fr Andrew White baptizes the Chief of the Piscatoway Indians, his wife, and his son.

  • July 4, 1558: To celebrate the election of Fr James Laynez as general of the Society on July 2 (who had been Vicar General since the death of Ignatius), the scholastics in Rome gave an academic exhibition in the Pantheon.

  • July 5, 1537: After investigating some charges made against Ignatius, the Papal Nuncio at Venice delivered a formal verdict of his innocence.

  • July 6, 1572: The solemn profession of Father, later to be Cardinal, Robert Bellarmine.

  • July 7, 1586: Frs Henry Garnet and Robert Southwell arrive in England to begin their work.

  • July 8, 1597: Fr. Louis Froes, a Portuguese, who for 33 years labored in Japan amid privations, mishaps and trials of every kind, died at Nagasaki.

  • July 9, 1553: The province of Brazil was established with 33 Jesuits.

  • July 10, 1678: At Vilnius, Fr. Thomas Ujeyski, former bishop of Chijov and senator of Poland, completed his noviceship and received a special privilege admitting him to the profession of the four vows.

  • July 11, 1742: Pope Benedict XIV's Bull "Ex quo singulari" was signed condemning the Chinese Rites and abolishing all concessions made by the Patriarch Mezzabarba.

  • July 12, 1544: At King John III of Portugal's request, Peter Faber left Cologne for Lisbon.

  • July 13, 1572: The first band of Jesuit missionaries entered Mexico.

  • July 14, 1979: The assassination in Guyana of Bernard Darke, SJ, a photographer for the Catholic Standard, a diocesan newspaper.

  • July 15, 1570: The martyrdom of Blessed Ignacio Azevedo along with 39 companions, near Palma, one of the Canary Isles. En route to Brazil as missionaries, they were captured by Calvinist corsairs.

  • July 16, 1576: Pope Gregory XIII, by his Constitution "Quaecumque sacrarum religionum," exempted members of the Society from attendance at public processions.

  • July 17, 1866: Gerard Manley Hopkins decided to become a Catholic.

  • July 18, 1586: Fathers Henry Garnet and St. Robert Southwell met Fr. William Weston at Mr. Bold's house in Berkshire.

  • July 19, 1688: The birth of Br. Giuseppe Castiglione, SJ, a skilled Italian painter who at age 27 set sail for China where he "undertook the role of the official painter to this distant court with the positive conviction that art was above all a means of carrying out his evangelical mission."

  • July 20, 1624: At Cracow died John Laskowski, a Polish scholastic, who though not conscious of any mortal sin in his whole life was nonetheless so tormented with scruples that his confessor considered him a martyr of interior suffering.

  • July 21, 1550: Through his Bull, "Exposcit debitum," Pope Julius III again confirmed the Institute of the Society.

  • July 22, 1534: In Paris, the first Mass of Peter Faber.

  • July 23, 1879: Frs. Depelchin, Law and others arrived in South Africa at Shoshong and were introduced to King Khama.

  • July 24, 1575:In Rome, Fr. Robert Parsons entered the Society.

  • July 25, 1583: The martyrdom near Goa, India, of Blessed Rudolph Aquaviva, peter Berno, Francis Aranha, Alphonsus Pacheco and Anthony Francisco.

  • July 26, 1867: At Ellsworth, Kansas, Fr. Louis Dumortier, a Frenchman, died while attending cholera patients.

  • July 27, 1597: At Cracow died Fr. James Wujek, a Pole, appointed by King Stephen tutor to Prince Sigismund. He translated the Polish version of the Bible.

  • July 28, 1568: In a letter to Fr. Christopher Rodriguez, St. Teresa of Avila, speaking of the Society, says, "Homines Societatis Jesu sunt mei patres, quibus post Deum debet anima mea bonum omne si quod habet."

  • July 29, 1586: At Toledo, Fr. John Manuel, rector of the Professed House, died.

  • July 30, 1627: In the grotto of Manresa drops of blood were seen to fall from a miraculous crucifix.

  • July 31, 1926: The New England Province was established.

August

  • August 1, 1569: Edmund Campion, convinced of the errors of the new religion, abandoned the University of Oxford and all his brilliant prospects.

  • August 2, 1981: Carlos Perez Alonso, SJ, chaplain at a military hospital in Guatemala, disappeared and is presumed to have been killed during a period of repression.

  • August 3, 1544: Francis Xavier wrote a letter at Manipur, India, to Fr. Francis Mansilla asking prayers for the conversion of the people.

  • August 4, 1578: In Africa, Fr. Gaspar Serpe, a Portuguese, was slain by a Moor while confessing a wounded soldier. He was chaplain to King Sebastian's army in Africa.

  • August 5, 1574: At Santo Domingo, the shipwreck of seven Spanish Jesuits sailing for Mexico. They escaped death and eventually reached their destination.

  • August 6, 1573: Pope Gregory XIII published his Bull "Postquam Deo placuit," which founded the German College.

  • August 7, 1879: The New York Province was established.

  • August 8, 1581: Fr. Anthony Possevino was received with extraordinary honors by Basilowicz, the Czar of Russia.

  • August 9, 1556: After the death of Ignatius, Fr. James Laynez was empowered to govern the Society as Vicar till the election of another General.

  • August 10, 1868: The Society was expelled from Mexico and all its property confiscated.

  • August 11, 1558: In the First General Congregation, after a discussion on the simple vows, it was decreed "nihil immutandum."

  • Aug. 12, 1600: Fr. Antolinez, an Augustinian friar, wrote a letter in defense of Fr. Molina's book "De scientia media."

  • Aug. 13, 1773: Pope Clement XIV published the Brief "Gravissimis ex causis" which established a special congregation of five cardinals to superintend the Suppression of the Society of Jesus, the appropriation of its houses and goods.

  • Aug. 14, 1591: At Rome died Fr. Jerome Platus, a Milanese, author of the work "On the Happiness of a Religious State." He was the Latin secretary to Fr. General for France and Germany and had care of the novices who served in the Gesu including Aloysius Gonzaga.

  • Aug. 15, 1955: The Wisconsin Province was formed from the Missouri Province and the Detroit Province was formed from the Chicago province.

  • Aug. 16, 1649: At Drogheda, Fr. John Bath and his brother, a secular priest, were shot in the marketplace by Cromwell's soldiers.

  • Aug. 17, 1823: Fr. Van Quickenborne and a small band of missionaries descended the Missouri River to evangelize the Indians at the request of the bishop of St. Louis. On this date in 1829, the College of St. Louis opened.

  • Aug. 18, 1952: The death of Alberto Hurtado, writer, retreat director, trade unionist and founder of "El Hogar de Christo," a movement to help the homeless in Chile.

  • Aug. 19, 1846: At Melgar, near Burgos, the birth of Fr. Luis Martin, 24th General of the Society.

  • Aug. 20, 1891: At Santiago, Chile, the government of Balmaceda ordered the Jesuit College to be closed.

  • Aug. 21, 1616: At Pont a Mousson in Lorraine died Fr. William Murdoch, a Scotchman, who when only 10 years of age was imprisoned seven months for the faith and cruelly beaten by the order of a Protestant bishop. St. Ignatius is said to have appeared to him and encouraged him to bear the cross bravely.

  • Aug. 22, 1872: Jesuits were expelled from Germany during the Bismarckian Kulturkampf.

  • Aug. 23, 1558: In the First General Congregation, the question was discussed about the General's office being triennial, and the introduction of Choir, as proposed by Pope Paul IV, and it was decreed that the Constitutions ought to remain unaltered.

  • Aug. 24, 1544: Peter Faber arrived in Lisbon.

  • Aug. 25, 1666: At Beijing, the death of Fr. John Adam Schall. By his profound knowledge of mathematics and astronomy, he attained such fame that the Emperor entrusted to him the reform of the Chinese calendar.

  • Aug. 26, 1562: The return of Fr. Diego Laynez from France to Trent, the Fathers of the Council desiring to hear him speak on the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass.

  • Aug. 27, 1679: The martyrdom at Usk, England, of St. David Lewis, apostle to the poor in his native Wales for three decades before he was caught and hanged.

  • Aug. 28, 1628: The martyrdom in Lancashire, England, of St. Edmund Arrowsmith.

  • Aug. 29, 1541: At Rome the death of Fr. John Codure, a Savoyard, one of the first 10 companions of St. Ignatius.

  • Aug. 30, 1556: On the banks of the St. Lawrence River, Fr. Leonard Garreau, a young missionary, was mortally wounded by the Iroquois.

  • Aug. 31, 1581: In St. John's Chapel within the Tower of London, a religious discussion took place between St. Edmund Campion, suffering from recent torture, and some Protestant ministers.


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