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Items taken from "Fasti Breviores: A Daily Record of Memorable Events in the History of the Society of Jesus" by P.J. Chandlery, SJ, published in London in 1910, and supplemented by other sources.


  • September 1, 1544: At Rome, St. Ignatius and his companions took possession of the house of S. Maria della Strada, the first Professed House of the Society.

  • September 2, 1549: Ignatius recalled Peter Canisius from Trent where he was the advisor of Cardinal Truchsess. Ignatius trained him and eventually sent him back to the German apostolate. Paul III had requested that Ignatius designate three theologians to revive the University of Ingolstadt.

  • September 3, 1539: At his summer residence in Tivoli, outside of Rome, Paul III give his initial, oral approval of the Society of Jesus when Ignatius sent him a copy of the Formula of the Institute which described the proposed new religious order.

  • September 4, 1523: After several months of sailing and a week of waiting in the harbor at Joppa to disembark, Ignatius finally entered the city of Jerusalem as a pilgrim.

  • September 5, 1607: The long and stormy discussion concerning grace and free will, De Auxiliis, was closed by Paul V. The Society's doctrine remained intact.

  • September 6, 1823: The birth at Kistalwa, Indiana, of James Chrysostom Bouchard, the first Native American Jesuit. A member of the Delaware tribe, he entered the Society at Florissant, Missouri and was ordained in St. Louis in 1856.

  • September 7, 1573: The death of Princess Juana, Regent of Spain, the emperor's daughter. She died as a Jesuit scholastic, having taken vows secretly under a special dispensation.

  • September 8, 1654: The death of Peter Claver, who ministered to slaves arriving in Cartegena, Columbia from Western Africa.

  • September 9, 1548: St Francis Xavier set out for the Fishery Coast.

  • September 10, 1773:Clement XIV's letter of suppression of the Society was published in Vienna.

  • September 11, 1860: The Jesuits were expelled from Sicily and all their possessions confiscated.

  • September 12, 1665: The death of Jan von Bolland, the namesake of the Society of Bollandists, a group of scholars who produce critical editions on the lives of the Saints.

  • September 13, 1983: Fr Peter-Hans Kolvenbach was elected the 29th Superior General of the Society of Jesus.

  • September 14, 1915: The Holy Father congratulates the American publication The Messenger of the Sacred Heart, on its 50th anniversary. At the time it had 315,000 subscribers.

  • September 15, 1622: At Rome, the body of Cardinal Robert Bellarmine is transferred to its present location in the Church of the Gesú.

  • September 16, 1759: At Lisbon, 133 fathers and brothers of the Society were put on board a vessel to be conveyed as exiles to Civita Vecchia.

  • September 17, 1593: Fr Francis Toletus became the first Jesuit to be created a Cardinal. Thereupon he conspired with a number of rebellious Spanish Jesuits to alienate Pope Clement VIII from Fr Aquaviva and the Institute.

  • September 18, 1592: At St Omers, the English College was founded by Fr Robert Parsons.

  • September 19, 1819:The missionary work of the Society in Ireland was restored by Fr Peter Kenney.

  • September 20, 1565: St Francis Borgia was the first to separate novitiates from Colleges and Professed Houses. S. Andrea in Quirinale, Rome was opened on this date is the first separate novitiate.

  • September 21, 1558: St Francis Borgia preached the eulogy for the Emperor Charles V at Valladolid.

  • September 22, 1611: The death of Peter Ribadeneira, aged 85, who had been admitted by St Ignatius into the Society at the age of fourteen. He became an eloquent preacher, a great missioner, and a gifted writer.

  • September 23, 1590: The death of Nicolas Bobadilla, the last survivor of the Ignatius' original companions.

  • September 24, 1987: The assassination in South Lebanon of Andre Masse, assistant rector of St. Joseph's University. He was shot to death.

  • September 25, 1643: John Casimir Sobieski, son of King Sigismund of Poland, joins the Society. Three years later he was made a Cardinal. In 1648 he was elected King but abdicated in 1668.

  • September 26, 1886: At Florence, in the Teatro Re Umberto, 3000 liberals shouted for the expulsion of all Jesuits from Tuscany. Soon after, the theatre was burned to the ground, the fire being visible as far as Fiesole.

  • September 27, 1540: At the Palacio San Marco in Rome, Pope Paul III signed the Bull, Regimini militantis ecclesiae, establishing the Society of Jesus as a religious order.

  • September 28, 1566:Pedro Martinez, the first Jesuit to enter the continental United States at Tatcuran off the coast of Florida, was killed by the natives.

  • September 29, 1642: The martyrdom at Auriesville, New York, of St. Rene Goupil, the first of the eight canonized North American martyrs to die for the faith.

  • September 30, 1572: the death of St. Francis Borgia, the Duke of Gandia and viceroy of Catalonia before becoming a Jesuit. He became the third general of the Society and oversaw the establishment of many schools and the expansion of missionary work.


  • October 1, 1960: The death of Fr Edward Garesche, SJ, who found the Queen's Work magazine and the Catholic Medical Mission Board, which he directed from 1929 until 1960.

  • October 2, 1633: Fr. Isaac Jogues first sets foot on the shores of the New World after a two-month voyage.

  • October 3, 1588: The death of Pompeio Capuano, nSJ, an Italian novice from an illustrious family. When he asked his father's leave to enter the Society, his father shut him up in a dark room and treated him like a madman.

  • October 4, 1597: In London, Fr John Gerard and Mr Arden effected their escape from the Tower of London. With the help of John Lilly and Richard Fulwood, both of whom became Jesuit Brothers, they let themselves down with a rope slung from the Tower across the moat.

  • October 5, 1582: The Gregorian calendar, which had been worked out by Christopher Clavius, SJ, went into effect. It allowed for the one-time suppression of the days between October 5 and 15 in order to bring the calendar in line with astronomical facts. Countries which did not like the Pope liked his calendar even less. It actually took until the 20th century until all countries adopted it as their civil calendar.

  • October 6, 1773: In London, Dr. James Talbot, the Apostolic Vicar, promulgated the Letter of Suppression of the Society, and sent copies to Maryland and Pennsylvania.

  • October 7, 1571: Four priests and four brothers of the Society took part in the naval battle of Lepanto. They were acting as chaplains to the sailors.

  • October 8, 1969: The death of Fr Louis Twomey, SJ, an advocate of interracial justice and labor relations.

  • October 9, 1820: The 20th General Congregation of the Society opened. It was the first to be held by the restored Society.

  • October 10, 1806: The first novitiate of the Maryland Mission opened as ten novices began their Long Retreat under the direction of Fr. Francis Neale (himself a novice who had entered the Jesuits that day.)

  • October 11, 1688: King Louis XIV forbade all correspondence and interchange between the French Jesuits and Fr. Thyrsus Gonzalez, the Spanish General Superior of the Society.

  • October 12, 1976: The murder in rural Brazil of Joao Bosco Burnier, SJ, who was shot and killed by soliders for protesting the torture of two poor women.

  • October 13, 1537: At Venice the Papal Nuncio published his written verdict declaring that Ignatius Loyola was innocent of all charges which had been leveled against him by his detractors.

  • October 14, 1774: A French Jesuit in China wrote an epitaph to the Jesuit mission in China after the suppression of the Society. It concludes: "Go, traveler, continue on your way. Felicitate the dead; weep for the living; pray for all. Wonder, and be silent."

  • October 15, 1582: St Teresa of Avila died on this day -- the first day of the new Gregorian calendar. She always wished to have a Jesuit as a confessor.

  • October 16, 1873: About two weeks after Victor Emmanuel's visit to Berlin, where he had long conferences with Bismark, rumors reached the Society in Rome that all of their houses in Rome were threatened.

  • October 16, 1873: About two weeks after Victor Emmanuel's visit to Berlin, where he had long conferences with Bismark, rumors reached the Society in Rome that all of their houses in Rome were threatened.

  • October 17, 1578: St Robert Bellarmine entered the Jesuit novitiate of San Andrea in Rome at the age of 16.

  • October 18, 1553: A theological course was opened in our college in Lisbon; 400 students were at once enrolled.

  • October 19, 1588: At Munster, in Westphalia, the Society opens a college, in spite of an outcry raised locally by some of the Protestants.

  • October 20, 1763: In a pastoral letter read in all his churches, the Archbishop of Paris expressed his bitter regret at the suppression of the Society in France. He described it as a veritable clamity for his country.

  • October 21, 1568: Fr Robert Parsons was elected Fellow of Balliol College, Oxford. He resigned his Fellowship in 1574.

  • October 22, 1870: In France, Garibaldi and his men drove the Jesuits from the Colleges of Dole and Mont Roland.

  • October 23, 1767: The Jesuits who had been kept prisoners in their college in Santiago, Chile, for almost two months were led forth to exile. In all 360 Jesuits of the Chile Province were shipped to Europe as exiles.

  • October 24, 1759: 133 members of the Society, banished from Portugal and put ashore at Civita Vecchia, were most kindly received by Clement XIII and by the religious communities, especially the Dominicans.

  • October 25, 1567: St Stanislaus Kostka arrived in Rome and was admitted into the Society by St Francis Borgia.

  • October 26, 1546: The Province of Portugal was established as the first province in the Society, with Simao Rodriguez as the first provincial.

  • October 27, 1610: The first entrance of the Jesuits into Canada. The mission had been recommended to the Society by Henry IV.

  • October 28, 1958: The death of WIlfrid Parsons, founder of Thought magazine and editor of America from 1925 to 1936.

  • October 29, 1645: In the General Chapter of the Benedictines in Portugal, a statement published by one of their Order, that St Ignatius had borrowed the matter of his Spiritual Exercises from a Benedictine author, was indignantly repudiated.

  • October 30, 1638: On this day John Milton, the great English poet, dined with the Fathers and students of the English College in Rome.

  • October 31, 1602: At Cork, the martyrdom of Dominic Collins, an Irish lay-brother, who was hanged, drawn, and quartered for his adherence to the Faith.

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